Examens Maîtrises

 

Sujets de 2004

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Septembre 2001

Septembre 2002

Septembre 2003

 

SESSION SEPTEMBRE 2001

Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001 302 UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL PAYS ANGL

épreuve :	0241009T1	Séminaire 1
JE Rattachement : 020541A UE1 Séminaire 1
Documents autorisés : Non
Durée: 3 h 00 Type exercice : commentaire de texte
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SUJET Traduire le passage, extrait de Carpenter's Gothic de William Gaddis. Vous 
indiquerez à l'aide de notes et/ ou d'une brève introduction (20 lignes maxi) 
quelles sont les difficultés que l'écriture du texte fait surgir pour le traducteur. 
Vous commenterez les stratégies traductives qui ici sont, à votre avis, les plus 
pertinentes.

She was staring at the benign face of Benjamin Franklin on the bill there on the 
table before her as though to catch his eye. -No one, she said, -no one.
-You know Bibbs? He was standing there leaning against
5	the doorframe, -like I've always wondered. I mean how you'd always find 
somebody that's just not as good as you are? I mean like that Arnold? and that 
guy from Florida that's going to be this great actor and the old man threw him. 
Out of the house? I mean it goes way back, like playing
10  doctor with that little prick Bobbie Steyner they said only had one ball? where 
he got you down in the boathouse and tried to get your pants down?
-No, no Billy honestly...
-No I mean no shit Bibbs. These real inferior types I
15  mean this real instinct, like you were, always this beautiful girl with red hair 
and this real pale white skin and these great high cheekbones and this whole like, 
like something vulnerable where they want to get in there to protect you and waste 
you all at the same time? and like they're the only
20 ones you'd ever let in? where he's pulling your pants down and you still think 
you've got the upper hand? Like I mean it goes all the way back where you practiced 
on me when I was like three, when you put that little yellow fucking doll's dress on 
me in that toy crib and you were the mommy or
25 you wouldn't play with me? No I mean don't laugh Bibbs... But she wasn't, it was a 
sound choked off somewhere be-tween that and loss -where if I didn't answer when you 
called me Jennifer you wouldn't even talk to me? He'd turned away looking into the 
living room, cracking his knuckles be-
30  hind him, filling the doorway.
-But it was, Billy don't you see it was how it all started, because you were the only...
-Man I know how it fucking started

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Dissertation:
F. R. Leavis claimed that the "victory" in Conrad' s title is "a victory over scepticism, 
a victory of life." Discuss.

 


Commentaire composé:
End of chapter LV: "The Tempest."
 The wreck, even to my unpractised eye, was breaking up. I saw that she was parting in the 
middle, and that the life of the solitary man upon the mast hung by a thread. Still, he 
clung to it. He had a singular red cap on,-not like a sailor's cap, but of a finer color; 
and as the few
5	yielding planks between him and destruction rolled and bulged, and his anticipative 
death-knell rung, he was seen by all of us to wave it. I saw him do it now, and thought I 
was going distracted, when his action brought an old remembrance to my mind of a once dear 
friend.
Ham watched the sea, standing clone, with the silence of suspended
10	breath behind him, and the storm before, until there was a great retiring wave, when, 
with a backward glance at those who held the rope which was made frit round his body, he 
dashed in alter it, and in a moment was buffetting with the waters rising with the hills, 
falling with the valleys, lost beneath the foam; then drawn again'to land. They hauled in 
hastily.
15  He was hurt. I saw blond on his face, from where I stood; but he took no thought of that. 
He seemed hurriedly to give them some directions for leaving him more free-or so I judged from 
the motion of his arm-and was gone as before.
And now he made for the wreck, rising with the hills, falling with
20	the valleys, lost beneath the rugged foam, borne in towards the shore, borne on towards 
the ship, striving hard and valiantly. The distance was nothing, but the power of the sec and 
wind made the strife deadly. At length he neared the wreck. He was so near, that with one more 
of his vigorous strokes he would be clinging to it,-when, a high, green, vast.

hill-side of water, moving on shoreward, from beyond the ship, he  		25
 seemed to leap up into it with a mighty bound, and the ship was gone!
	Some eddying fragments I saw in the sea, as if a mere cask had been
broken, in running to the spot where they were hauling in. Consternation
was in every face. They drew him to my very feet insensible-dead.
He was carried to the nearest house; and, no one preventing me now,  	30
I remained near him, busy, while every means of restoration were tried;
but he had been beaten to death by the great wave, and his generous
heart was stilled for ever.
As I sat beside the bed, when hope was abandoned and all was dope, a fisherman, who had known 
me when Emily and I were children, and  	35
ever since, whispered my narre at the door.
"Sir," said he, with tears starting to his weather-beaten face, which, with his trembling lips, 
was ashy pale, "will you corne over yonder?"
The old remembrance that had been recalled to me, was in his look. I asked him, terror-stricken, 
leaning on the arm he held out to support  		40
 me:
"Has a body corne ashore?"
He said, "Yes."
"Do I know it?" I asked then.
He answered nothing. 	       45
But, he led me to the shore. And on that part of it where she and I had looked for shells, two 
children-on that part of it where some lighter fragments of the old boat, blown down last night, 
had been scattered by the wind-among the ruins of the home he had wronged-I saw him lying with 
his head upon his arm, as I had often seen him lie at school. 	50
 
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Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
302	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL PAYS ANGL
Epreuve :	0241004T1	Séminaire 2
UE Rattachement : 020242A UE2 Séminaire 2
Documents autorisés : Non
Durée: 3 h 00 Type exercice : commentaire de texte
Liste des documents à remettre aux candidats au moment de la diffusion du sujet:	Page : 1 /1
 
We say that the greatest of social and political duties is to encourage marriage. The interest 
of a State is to get as many of its citizens married as possible. The equality of the sexes 
demonstrates this to be a law of nature. And we add that man, in European communities, has 
deliberately adopted the view that, as much as possible, women should be relieved from the 
necessity of self-support. The measure of civilization is the maximum at which this end is 
attained in any given community or nation. Women labourers are a proof of a barbarous and 
imperfect civilization. We should be retrograding in the art and science of civilization 
were more women encouraged to be self-supporters. And the reason of this is plain enough. Wherever
women are selfsupporters, marriage is, ipso facto, discouraged. The factory population' is proof of 
this. In the manufacturing districts women make worse wives and worse helpmates than where they are 
altogether dependent on the man. And where there are fewer marriages there is more vice .... 
The prevailing theory is, let as many women as possible be dependent on marriage. Let women be 
trained to this as the end of her being. And though it is not seldom more roughly expressed, 
there is the highest social wisdom in it. Distressed governesses and distressed workwomen are 
social anomalies, but the social fabric is for the greatest happiness of the greatest number.' 
And this is attained by making marriage the rule. In a community where all the women were clerks, 
telegraph-workers, watchmakers, and book-keepers, the inducements to marriage would be lessened on 
either side. Men do not like, and would not seek, to mate with an independent factor, who at any 
time could quit-or who at all times would be tempted to neglect-the tedious duties of training and 
bringing up children, and keeping the tradesmen's bills, and mending the linen, for the more 
lucrative returns of the desk or counter. It is not the interest of States, and it is not 
therefore true social policy, to encourage the existence, as a rule, of women who are other 
than entirely dependent on man as well for subsistence as for protection and love.
Married life is woman's profession; and to this life her training-that of dependence-is modelled. 
Of course by not getting a husband, or losing him, she may find that she is without resources. 
All that can be said of her is, she has failed in business; and no social reform can prevent such 
failures. The mischance of the distressed governess and the unprovided widow, is that of every 
insolvent tradesman. He is to be pitied; but all the Social Congresses in the world will not 
prevent the possibility of a mischance in the shape of broken-down tradesmen, old maids, or 
widows. Each and all are frequently left without resources; and each and all always win be 
left without resources; but it would be just as reasonable to demand that every boy should 
be taught two or three professions because he may fail in one, as it is to argue that all 
our social habits should be changed because one woman in fifty-or whatever the statistics 
are-is a spinster or widow without any resources.
	" Queen bees or working bees)),
Saturday Review, 12 novembre 1859.
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Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
302	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL PAYS ANGL
Episuve :	0242020T1	Séminaire 3
UE	attachement : 020243A	UE3 Séminaire 3
Documents autorisés : Non
Durée: 3 h 00 Type exercice : commentaire de texte
											Page 1/2
Liste des documents à remettre aux candidats au moment de la diffusion du sujet:	
Veuillez faire un commentaire composé du passage suivant, extrait de To the Lighthouse

'Perhaps you will wake up and find the sun shining and the birds singing,' she said 
compassionately, smoothing the little boy's hair, for her husband, with his caustic saying 
that it would not be fine, had dashed his spirits she could see. This going to the Lighthouse 
was a passion of his, she saw, and then, as if her husband had not said enough, with his caustic
saying that it would not be fine tomorrow, this odious little man wept and rubbed it in all over 
again.
'Perhaps it will be fine tomorrow,' she said, smoothing his hair.
All she could do now was to admire the refriger-ator, and turn the pages of the Stores list in the 
hope that she might come upon something like a rake, or a mowing-machine, which, with its prongs 
and its handles, would need the greatest skill and care in cutting out. All these young men 
parodied her hus-band, she reflected; he said it would rain; they said it would be a positive 
tornado.
But here, as she turned the page, suddenly her search for the picture of a rake or a mowing-machine 
was interrupted. The gruff murmur, irregularly broken by the taking out of pipes and the putting in 
of pipes which had kept on assuring her, though she could not hear what was said (as she sat in the 
window), that the men were happily talking; this sound which had lasted now half an hour and had 
taken its place soothingly in the scale of sounds pressing on top of her, such as the tap of balls 
upon bats, the sharp, sudden bark now and then, 'How's that? How's that?' of the children playing 
cricket, had ceased; so that the monotonous fall of the waves on the beach, which for the most 
part beat a measured and soothing tattoo to her thoughts and seemed consolingly to repeat over 
and over again as she sat with the children the words of some old cradle song,
 
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Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
302	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL PAYS ANGL
Epreuve : 0241010TI	Séminaire 2
Durée:	3 h 00 Type exercice : commentaire de texte
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America is the country of young men.
-Emerson
-Nothing, said Maude Munk.
-Nothing? Amy Munk repeated.
-Nothing, she confirmed, dropping ice cubes into a glass. -The same things. They ask the same 
questions they've been asking for three years. Was I conscious after the accident, and if I wasn't 
how could I have reported it all to the police, and did I have pains in my back then, and if I did 
why don't the hospital records show it. Then my doctor and their doctor argue, and my lawyer and 
their lawyer argue, and the cab driver who was driving the cab I was in lives in Detroit now. I 
wish you'd put your shoes away somewhere when you take them off.
-Well I could tell them your personality's changed. And you never used to drink before that accident. 
It used to upset you because I drank.
-It still does, Amy. Terribly. And you dont have pains, like I do. Today I even asked the judge, Would 
you have two operations and wear a spinal brace if you were malingering?
-Maude look, you're spilling your drink, he said, righting the glass which tipped toward him in her 
forgotten hand. The radio offered cocktail music, When Buddha Smiles.
-What is it? Are you tired? Amy?... Oh, I just wish you got tired doing something you liked.
-You dont make a living doing things you like.
-But selling... and year after year... and... things like last week. -Maude.
-Does your father know about that? Or does he just pretend he doesn't know, and he's glad you've 
sold another order, playing cards in a hotel room where they send naked women in for your out-of-town 
buyers. And all the time your father's such a fine dignified old man. Why if my Daddy ever...
-Maude.
-Anyhow, my Daddy was a man.
-What do you mean by that? Just because I have a rupture...
-I don't mean your old rupture. It's just that... She looked at him a moment longer, got up and 
freshened her drink, and turned the dial on the radio. Finally she asked, -What are you reading? 
Amy? You're not even reading, are you.
-Maude.
-As though you were all alone. Sometimes I come into the room and you're sitting there with a book 
open, but you're not reading. You're just sitting looking at the page, but you're not reading? Are 
you lonely?
that looks better, smells better, tastes better, and is better, said a young man's voice on the 
radio.
-But how can you be lonely? I'm here.
-the next number on our program, the Academic Festival Overture, by Tschaikovsky.
From The Recognitions (1955) By William Gaddis
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		Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
3(T2	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL	PAYS ANGL
Epreuve :	0241015T1	Séminaire 1
UE Rattachement : 020841A UE1 Séminaire 1
Documents	autorisés : Non
Durée:	3 h 00 Type exercice : écrit
Liste des documents à remettre aux candidats au moment de la diffusion du sujet: NEANT.


Traduire le thème et la version qui suivent sur DEUX copies séparées.

Carrefour, le numéro deux mondial de la distribution, revoit ses
prévisions de bénéfices à la baisse
Malgré un résultat net en hausse de 18,6% en 2000, les difficultés de la fusion avec Promodès, 
les dernières acquisitions et la crise de la vache folle ont conduit Carrefour à revoir à la 
baisse ses perspectives de hausse des bénéfices d'ici 2002.
Le groupe, devenu numéro deux mondial de la distribution, n'atteindra pas son objectif de doubler 
son bénéfice net entre 1999 et 2002. La fusion Carrefour-Promodès " a entraîné inévitablement des 
perturbations ponctuelles car techniques " a déclaré M. Bernard, le PDG de Carrefour. Le groupe 
doit poursuivre sa réorganisation après cette fusion. Du coup, les deux premiers trimestres de 
l'année 2001 " ne seront pas à leur meilleur niveau ".
Le coût des acquisitions, qui devrait augmenter de 40 millions d'euros pour atteindre 126 M E 
en 2001, va amputer de 4 à 5 points la croissance escomptée du *bénéfice net, qui sera ramenée 
à 15%. Le chiffre d'affaires devrait progresser de 8% en 2001.
L'accroissement du coût des acquisitions résulte du rachat de l'italien GS et de la modernisation 
de la chaîne d'hypermarchés belges GB. " Ces acquisitions sont un choix stratégique que nous avons 
fait et pèseront sur nos résultats. " [...
M. Bernard s'est défendu d'émettre un avertissement sur résultats. Mais à la bourse, le titre 
Carrefour a perdu 4,43% à 61,55 euros hier. Les analystes sont restés sceptiques devant les 
explications avancées par le PDG.
La voix du Nord, 9 mars 2001.



Version
Dyson Appliances is now among the fastest-growing manufacturing businesses in Europe. Sales have 
climbed exponentially to more than £200 million in 1999 (Dyson hasn't released 2000 figures). The 
staff of 1,800 at his Malmesbury England, plant work round-the-clock shifts, turning out 30,000 
machines a week. Another factory opened last year in Malaysia to serve the Southeast Asia market. 
The British media regularly hold him up as a rare example of an entrepreneur who's designed, 
engineered, built and marketed his own products -withoutt ever appearing in the bankruptcy courts. 
At 53, Dyson is said to be worth £500 million. If his new washing machine makes as big a splash 
as his vacuum cleaner did, Dyson may soon be a household word.
In 1979, in a fit of frustration with his own clogged Hoover, he conceived his big breakthrough: 
the world's first baglesss vacuum cleaner (it uses centrifugal force to separate dirt from air).
Later, he secured a licensing deal with a Japanese company to make and sell the cleaner in Japan. 
It quickly achieved cult status, bringing him some financial relief.
Despite his success in Japan, investment bankers and venture-capital firms refused to open their 
wallets for a manufacturing plant in Britain. In the end, his local bank put up the cash. (The 
bank manager's wife, Dyson folklore has it, was crazy about the idea of a bagless vacuum cleaner.) 
The first Dual Cyclone vacuum cleaner rolled off  the assembly line in 1993. It had taken 15 years 
and thousands of prototypes to bring it to market. But the battle still wasn't over. Dyson sued 
Hoover for cribbing his design. The action took 18 months to reach the court and cost him £500,000. 
Last year a London court awarded victory to Dyson and is assessing damages.
By WILLIAM UNDERHILL

NEWSWEEK JANUARY 22, 2001
(adapted)

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Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
302	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL PAYS ANGL
Epreuve :	0241007T1	Séminaire 1
UE Rattachement : 020441A UE1 Séminaire 1
Documents	autorisés : Non
Durée:	3 h 00 Type exercice : quest.et/ou comm.sur prog.+texte bref
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- Say what you know about the Irish ways of life, traditions, beliefs, etc ...as they are represented 
in Synge's plays : Riders to the Sea and The Shadow of the Glen.
Give some precise examples taken from the plays.
- Comment on the following text from Mary Lavin's short story "The Great Wave":



How many years ago was that? The Bishop opened his eyes. They were so near the shore he could pick 
out the people by name that stood on the pier-head. His stomach had stopped rolling. It was mostly 
psychological; that feeling of nausea. But he knew it would come back in an instant if he looked 
leftward from the shore, leftwards and up-wards, where, over the little cement pier apd over the 
crane-bill steeple of the church, the promontory that they called the Point rose up black with its 
own shadow.
For it was on that promoptory-four times the height of the steeple -they had found themselves, he 
and Seoineen, in the white dawn of the day after the Wave, lying in a litter of dead fish, with 
the netful of fish like an anchor sunk into the green grass.
When he came to himself in that terrible dawn, and felt the slippy bellies of the fish all about 
him, he thought he was still in the boat, lying in the bottom among the mackerel, but when he 
opened his eyes and saw a darkness as of night, over his head, he thought it was still the 
darkness of the storm and he closed them again in terror.
just before he closed them, though, he thought he saw a star, and he ventured to open them 
again, and then he saw that the dark sky over him was a sky of skin, stretched taught over 
timber laths, and the star was only a glint of light-and the blue light of day at that-coming 
through a split in the bottom of the currach. For the currach was on top of himl-Not he in the 
bottom of it.
Why then was he not falling down and down and down through the green waters? His hands rushed 
out to feel around him. But even then, the most miraculous thing he thought to gtasp was a 
fistful of sand, the most miraculous thing he thought to have to believe was that they were 
cast up safe upon the shore.
Under his hands though, that groped through the fishes, he came, not on sand, but on grass, 
and not upon the coarse dune grass that grew back from the shore at thé foot of the Point. It 
was soft, sweet little grass, that was like the grass he saw once when Seoineen and he had 
climbed up the face of the Point, and stood up there, in the sun, looking down at all below, 
the sea and the pier, and the shore and the fields, and the thatch of their own houses, and on 
a level with them, the grey spire of the chapel itself!
It was, when opening his eyes wide at last, he saw, out from him a bit, the black tip of that 
same chapel spire that he knew where he was.
Throwing the fish to left and right he struggled to get to his feet.
It was a miraclel And it must have been granted because Seoineen was in the boat. He remembered 
how he prophesied the seed would be on the tide, and in his mind he pictured their currach being 
lifted up in the air and flown, like a bird, to this grassy point.
But where was Seoineen?
"Oh Seoineen, Seoineenl" he cried, when he saw him standing on the edge of the Point looking 
downward, like they looked, that day, on all below. "Oh Seoineen, was it a miracle?" he cried, 
and he didn't wait for an answer, but he began to shout and jump in the air.
"Quit, will youl" said Seoineen, and for a minute he thought it must be modesty on Seoincen's 
part, it being through him the miracle was granted, and then he thought it must be the pain in 
his hands that was at him, not letting him enjoy the miracle, because he had his two hands 
pressed under his armpits.
Then suddenly he remembered the face of Marteen he had seen under the wall of water, and his 
eyes flew out over the sea that was as flat and even now as the field of grass under their 
feet. Was Marteen's currach lost? And what of the others?
Craning over the edge of the promontory he tried to see what currachs were back in their 
places under the little wall dividing the sand from the dune, turned upside down and leaning 
a little to one side, so you could crawl under them if you were caught in a sudden shower.
There were no currachs under the wall: none at all.
There were no currachs on the sea.
Once, when he was still wearing a red petticoat like a girsha, there had been a terrible storm 
and half a score of currachs were lost. He remembered the night with all the women on the island 
down on the shore with storm lamps, swinging them and calling out over the noise of the waves. 
And the next day they were still there, only kneeling on the pier, praying and keening.
"Why aren't they praying and keening?" he cried then, for he knew at last thb other currachs, 
all but theirs, were lost.
"God help them," said Seoineen, "at least they were spared that."
And he pointed to where, stuck in the latticed shutters on the side of the steeple, there were 
bits of seaweed, and-yes-a bit of the brown mesh of a net.
"God help you," he said then, "how can your child's mind take in what a grown man's mind can 
hardly hold-but you'll have to know some time-we're all alone-the two of us-on the whole island. 
All that was spared by that wall of water-"
"All that was on the sea, you mean?" he cried.
"And on the land too," said Seoineen.
"Not my mother-?" he whimpered.
"Y es, and my poor mother," said Seoineen. "My poor mother that tried to stop us from going out 
with the rest."
But it was a grief too great to grâsp, and yet, yet even in face of it, Jimeen's mind was enslaved 
to the thought of their miraculous salvation.
"Was it a miracle, Scoineen?" he whispered. "Was it a miracle we were spared?"
But Seoineen closed his eyes, and pushed his crossed arms deeper under his armpits. The grimace of 
pain he made was-even without words-a rebuke to Jimeen's exaltation. Then he opened his eyes again.
"It was my greed that was the cause of all," he said, and there was such a terrible sorrow in his 
face that Jimeen, only then, began to cry. "It has cost me my two living hxnds," said Seoineen, and 
there was a terrible anguish in his voice.
	"But it saved your life, Seoineen," he cried, wanting to comfort
him.	_ .
Never did he forget the face Seoineen turned to him.
"For what?" he asked. "For what?"
And there was, in his voice, such despair, that Jimeen knew it wasn't a question but an answer; so 
he said no more for a few minutes. Then he raised his voice again, timidly.
"You saved my life too, Seoineen."
Seoineen turned dully and looked at him.
"For what?"

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		Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
302	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL	PAYS ANGL
Epreuve :	0242026T1	Séminaire 3
UE Rattachement : 020443A UE3 Séminaire 3
Documents autorisés : Non
Durée: 3 h 00 Type exercice : quest.et/ou comm.sur prog.+texte bref

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Maîtrise d'Etudes Irlandaises
Séminaire sur Myles/Flann O'Brien
Essay
You will choose either question A or B.
A.: Myles/Flann O'Brien, an antipastoralist.
B.: Myles/Flann O'Brien, an antisentimentalist.
Deuxième session : Période d'examen de Septembre 2001
 302	UFR ANGELLIER LG, LITT, CIVIL PAYS ANGL
Epreuve :	0242027T1	Séminaire 4
UE Rattachement : 020444A UE4 Séminaire 4
Documents autorisés : Non
Durée: 3 h 00 Type exercice : quest.et/ou comm. sur prog.+texte bref
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																												Page 1/2
Commentaire QU question au choix, rédaction en anglais.
1) Commentaire
Old ways are going as rural
family life fades
Planners and politicians will have to take account
of changing needs in housing, family law, pensions,
writes Paul Cullen
The 1996 census highlights the speed of change in modem Irish society, as traditional family 
structures break up and people become ever more mobile.
Services and infrastructure in Dtihlin and the surrounding counties are likely to come under 
considerable pressure as a result of the changing trends revealed in the census, which was 
published yesterday. The results have major implications for planners, policymakers and 
politicians,
But they will also be studied with interest by experts in areas such as housing, family law 
and pensions. A doubling in the figure for broken marriages has already prompted one Dublin 
counselling centre to call for more funding to prevent marriage breakdown. But the census figures 
show that the entire family law area will need massive investment.
In all, almost 88,000 Irish people who were married are living separately, including divorcees. 
This figure is still small, though, compared to the 1,350,OO9people who are married.
The Ireland depicted in the 1996 census is more crowded than at any time this century, particularly 
in Leinster. Nonetheless, Irish children are becoming something of an endangered species, as the end 
of the baby boom kicks in, and the size of the average Irish family drops to a modest 1.8 children.

 
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More and more people are living alone, in urban areas, and in the east of the country. More than 
100,000 of those living on their own are pensioners, and this fact alone poses a considerable 
challenge to the social services.
In addition, however, the overall population is starting to age - by an average of almost three 
years since the last census - and the western and rural counties are particularly badly affected. 
In compensation, perhaps, we can hope that an older population will eventually mean a drop in 
crime.
Politicians will study the population trends for any evidence that a redrawing of constituencies 
is needed. On the basis of the census figures, Cork North-West and Galway East are best represented,
 while Dublin West has the highest population per DO member. The increase of 100,000 in the overall 
population since the last census is higher than expected, according to the Central Statistics 
Office. Numbers could grow by 10 per cent in the next 10 years, the CSO forecasts, but a population 
"explosion" is unlikely.
While trends in the birth rate are easy to chart, migration patterns tend to be much harder to 
predict. The census shows that the heavy emigration of the late 1980s has been reversed, to the 
extent that more than 40,000 people came to Ireland in the 12 months before the census was 
enumerated. Almost half came from Britain.
No questions on religion were asked in the present census; the CSO says these are traditionally 
asked every 10 years. The results from questions relating to education, employment and the Irish 
language will be released in the coming months.



The Irish Times, Saturday, July 26, 1997

2) Question
Does rural/urban Ireland equate with the East/West division?
 


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




SESSION SEPTEMBRE 2002


Maîtrise 
UE1 Seminaire 1 Session de septembre
Type d'exercice: Question et/ou commentaire sur programme + texte bref
Durée: 3h00 

Commentaire de texte: 
A voice for rural Ireland
Extracted from the Irish Times
Wednesday, December 2, 1998

Document disponible à la BA


__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise 
UE1 Séminaire 1 Session de septembre
Type d'exercice: commentaire de texte
Durée: 3h00

1) Dissertation:
Wandering in David Copperfield

2) Commentaire composé:
Chapter IX
From the beginning 'I pass over all that happened at school' down to 'felt an orphan in the wide world.'
Texte disponible à la BA.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise 
UE1 Seminaire 1
Septembre 2002

 Traduire le thème et le version qui suivent sur deux copies séparées.
 Textes disponibles à la Bibliothèque Angellier.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise 
UE1 Séminaire 1

Commentaire de texte
Texte disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise UE2 Seminaire 2 Septembre 2002

Question. Et/ou comm. Sur prog + texte bref
Traiter l'une des deux questions suivantes au choix :
1)Would you say that contemporary Ireland can be called post-modern ?
2) globalisation and national identity in post-modern Ireland.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise
UE2 Séminaire 2 Session de septembre 2002

Type d'exercice: commentaire de texte
Durée: 3h00
Texte disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise
UE2 Séminaire 2 Session de septembre 2002
Type d'exercice: commentaire de texte
Durée: 3h00

Dissertation : The beauty of the ordinary in Emerson's Essays and Willa Cather's O Pioneers!
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Maîtrise
UE3 Séminaire 3 Session de septembre 2002
Type d'exercice: commentaire de texte
Durée: 3h00

Comment on the following extract from "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" by E.A.Poe.
Passage disponible à la bibliothèque Angellier.
__________________________________________________________________________________________


Maîtrise
UE3 Séminaire 3
Type d'exercice: commentaire de texte
Durée: 3h00

Pas d'épreuve écrite. Seulement un oral.


 

SESSION SEPTEMBRE 2003

EXAMENS DE MAITRISE

SEMINAIRE 1 LITTERATURE AMERICAINE

UE 1 seminaire 1

- Dissertation ou commentaire de texte

Extrait de The Minister's Black Veil de Nathaniel HAWTHORNE

- Questions:

How is Mr Hooper's meaning conveyed to his audience and to the reader? What is the role played by the narrative voice?

What varieties of possible meanings can be ascribed to the veil? Why do they seem inadequate?

How does the irony operate in the text?

To what extent is meaning shown as a phenomenon rooted in social pratices?


(L'extrait est disponible à la bibliothèque Angellier)


UE 2 Séminaire 2

Dissertation ou commentaire de texte


Answer ONE of the following questions:

1. Write a commentary on the following passage, paying attention to significant themes and figures of speech and situating the extract within the wider context of the narrative as a whole:

(L'extrait est disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier)

2. Essay on The New York Trilogy by Paul Auster

Discuss the following sentence:
" The writer and the detective are interchangeable."
(The New York Trilogy, p.9).


UE3 Séminaire 3

Dissertation ou Commentaire de texte


Dissertation:

1. Youth in O Pioneers!


2. Explication de texte: Extrait de "The Poet" (1844) de Ralph Waldo Emerson

(L'extrait est disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier)


UE4 Séminaire 4

Comment upon the following extract:
L'extrait de Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49 (1965) est disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier.

SEMINAIRE 2 ETUDES IRLANDAISES


UE1 Séminaire 1

Traitez l'un des deux sujets suivants:

1. Dissertation:

"The state was founded, yes, and then reconstructed and founded again in accordance with the prefabricated history which had been constructed to make it thoroughly modern in every way" (John Waters (1997). An Intelligent Person's Guide to Modern Ireland. Londres: Duckworth.)


2. Commentaire de texte:
Terry Eagleton (1998). "Revisionism Revisited", in crazy John and the Bishops (and other essays on Irish Culture). Cork: Cork University press & Field Day, pp.312-314.

L'extrait est disponible à la bibliothèque Angellier.


UE2 Séminaire 2


Commentaire en Anglais

Extrait de texte disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier.


UE3 Séminaire 3


Traitez au choix l'un des deux sujets suivants:

1. Dissertation:

Revolution and Conservatism in early twentieth-century Ireland.


2. Commentaire d'une nouvelle: Frank O'Connor, Guests of the Nation. Dublin: Poolberg Press, 1979.


L'extrait est disponible à la bibliothèque angellier.

UE4 Séminaire 4


ESSAI: Female Figures in An Béal Bocht and The Great Hunger.

SEMINAIRE 3 LITTERATURE ET CIVILISATION BRITANNIQUES DES 19 ET 20eme


UE1 Séminaire 1


Commentaire de texte: l'extrait est disponible à la bibliothèque angellier.


UE2 Séminaire 2

1. Dissertation

Comedy in Dombey and son.


2. Commentaire composé:
Comment upon the following text from Tess of the d'Ubervilles.

L'extrait est disponible à la bibliothèque angellier.

UE4 Séminaire 4

Commentez l'extrait suivant de The Comfort of Strangers


L'extrait est disponible à la Bibliothèque Angellier.

SEMINAIRE 4 ANGLAIS DE SPECIALITE


UE1 Séminaire 1


Traduisez chacun des deux textes ci-dessous sur une copie distincte


Achetez Sony


Alors que ses principaux concurrents, les japonais Toshiba et Fujitsu, ont affiché de mauvaises performances pour le troisième trimestre de l'exercice 2001-2002 (qui sera clos le 31 mars prochain), Sony a surpris agréablement le marché. Présent notamment dans l'électronique grand public, les consoles de jeux et les semi-conducteurs, le géant nippon a réalisé un chiffre d'affaires trimestriel de 19,7 milliards d'euros, en hausse de 7,5% par rapport à la même période de l'exercice précédent. Si le bénéfice net a reculé de 14,4% à 550 millions d'euros, le bénéfice d'exploitation s'est établi à 1,36 milliard d'euros, dépassant largement les attentes des analystes.

C'est avant tout dans le domaine des consoles de jeux que le groupe japonais a gagné des parts de marché. Dans un secteur dominé par des acteurs de premier plan comme l'américain Microsoft, qui commercialise la Xbox, et le japonais Nintendo, créateur de la Game Boy Advance et de la Gaine Cube, Sony a réussi l'exploit de vendre 5 millions de consoles PlayStation 2 (PS2) au cours des seuls mois de novembre et décembre 2001. Fort de ce dynamisme commercial, il compte commercialiser, en 2002, 25 millions de consoles et plus de 212 millions de logiciels de jeux. Réalisant 70% de son activité hors du Japon, Sony bénéficie en outre de la faiblesse actuelle du yen, qui favorise les ventes de certains de ses produits grand public, notamment l'ordinateur portable Vaio, l'appareil photo numérique Mavica et le téléviseur à écran plat Wega.

Marc MICHAUX - L'Express 14/2/2002

Restructuring Philips


Six years ago Philips, the Dutch electronics company, launched a $250 million advertising campaign in the U.S. to promote its new flat-screen TVs. The stylish ads aimed to establish Philips as a leading flat-screen brand in the U.S. But the campaign had a serious flaw: The televisions didn't become widely available in the U.S. until 2000, three years after the ads started running. The shameful truth was that Philips was unable to roll out the product in time to coincide with its own promotion.

That story--still recounted with horror at the group's head office in Amsterdam--is just one example of Philips's central weakness. Throughout its 112-year history, the company has been a brilliant inventor. Among its credits: the compact audio tape cassette in the early 1960s and the compact disc in the early 1980s. But time and again Philips has fumbled the marketing. Take the mobile phone. Gerard Kleisterlee, Philips's chief executive since May 2001, ruefully recalls that in the 1990s "Philips could have been a top-three player in cellphones if we had done things right from a marketing and management point of view." Instead Philips failed to establish its brand alongside Nokia, Ericsson, and Motorola and today earns almost all its money in the cellphone market selling semiconductors, chips, and display-screen technology to other manufacturers.

Kleisterlee, who previously ran the group's components division, produces a telling fact to illustrate Philips's history of missed commercial opportunities. Between 1985 and 1999, during the biggest technology boom in history, Philips's annual revenues were basically stagnant. Asked to explain this nonachievement, Kleisterlee jokes, "It's top secret." [...]

Kleisterlee has taken significant strides in turning Philips into a leaner organization that focuses on sectors and markets in which it can excel. In the past two years the number of employees has dropped by 50,000, reducing the payroll to 170,000. Kleisterlee has shifted much of the manufacturing for low-end Philips goods, such as conventional cathode-ray TVs, from Europe to Asia, where labor costs are cheaper. And he has continued Boonstra's efforts to streamline an absurdly wide product portfolio, which until the early 1990s included plastic toilet seats. To that end, Kleisterlee has restructured Philips to specialize in five core businesses: lighting, domestic and personal appliances, medical systems, consumer electronics, and semiconductors.

FORTUNE - Thursday, March, 20, 2003 - By Richard Tomlinson.

SEMINAIRE 5 MENTION INDUSTRIE DE LA LANGUE


UE4 Lectures en Linguistique


1. French bounded dependencies

1.1 Explain why object control is an unbounded dependency in English, but not in French.
1.2 Draw a phrase structure tree for
(6) Cette chanson est facile à apprendre.
Spell out the lexical entry for "facile".
1.3 How does the grammar account for the ungrammatically of phrases like "un livre à promettre de lire".

2. Tenses and Temporal auxiliaries

2.1 Provide a semantic analysis of the French passé composé, employing the HPSG style notation of "A constraint-based semantics for tenses and temporal auxiliaries".
2.2 Discuss the similarities and the differences of the passé composé with the English present perfect.


UE4 Lectures en linguistique théorique et computationnelle


Partie A (M. Lemmens)

Text
Levinson, stephen C. 2000. "Relativity in spatial conception and description" In: Pütz, Martin & Marjolijn H. Verspoor. Explorations in Linguistic Relativity. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 177-202.

L'extrait est disponible à la bibliothèque angellier

Questions:
1. This then gives the underlying basis for a system of spatial description where objects are located in a projected space relative to another reference object, prototypically the self, which itself provides orientational co-ordinates. Explain briefly what Levinson means.


2. On the basis of what is said in the above excerpt, how can you explain the ambiguity of The ball was in front of the car which you however do not find in The ball was in front of the tree? In what way does a sentence like Belgium is to the north of France deviate from the system outlined in the fragment above?

3. In the part that follows, Levinson argues that the above view is not entirely accurate and needs to be nuanced. What indications do you find in the wording of the above fragment that anticipate his criticism?

Examen Final UNIX/LATEX


L’ensemble des exemples est disponible à la bibliothèque angellier.

1. Décrire en quelques mots le principe de fonctionnement des systèmes à temps partagé
(Time-sharing).

2. Expliquez la signification des différents éléments affichés par la commande lsu-lia dont voici un exemple

3. Expliquez en quelques mots le principe de la redirection des fichiers.

4. Que font les commandes suivantes ?

(a) lsu-lu/ulusort
(b) echou/etc/???
(c) moreu/etc/passwdu>u/tmp/x

5. Comment afficher le tableau suivant en LATEX ?

Contrôle final Formalismes I (DRT – P. Amsili)


1.Comment peut-on définir la relation sémantique d'implication ?
Donner quelques exemples.


2.Proposez une représentation en DRT (y compris la dimension temporelle) des phrases/ discours suivants :

(a) Tous les fermiers connaissent Chiquita.
(b) Paul tomba.
(c) Marie ne connait pas Jean. Elle ne l'a pas rencontré.

3.Quelle représentation est proposée en DRT pour rendre compte des propriétés aspectuelles du passé composé (present perfect) ?

4.Réduire autant que possible les expressions suivantes

a. Ax [P(x)](m)
b. Ax[dz (Ay [K (x, y)1(z) --> R (z, x))](j)